Data and links

PAGES Data guidelines

Beginning with its early community synthesis products, PAGES has developed an understanding of the challenges and opportunities in research that involves data discovery, synthesis, and analysis. PAGES continues to facilitate the development of community-based, data-intensive synthesis products, and promotes data stewardship within its constituency. Several databases have been developed by PAGES-sponsored activities and are used widely, and many others are under construction. PAGES also works with the NOAA Paleoclimatology (World Data Service for Paleoclimatology) and other primary paleodata archives to develop data-product services and ensure long-term archiving of data.

Read PAGES' Data guidelines here.

Learn more about PAGES' Data Stewardship Integrative Activity here.


Where should I deposit my data?

We recommend (request for PAGES activities) that all new data produced are deposited with an archive of the ICSU-World Data System (WDS). For paleodata, the primary WDS archives are:

NOAA/NCEI Paleoclimatology


Neotoma Database

We also recommend to use International Geo Sample Numbers (IGSNs), when appropriate. The IGSN is a persistent identifier that allows tracking a sample through its history.



Below you'll find useful links to external paleo related sites and databases.

Please direct any queries or relevant links for inclusion to the Communications Officer.

PAGES Working Group Databases

Databases and metadatabases compiled by PAGES Working Groups. We list here only larger data-compilation efforts.

2k Network Global Temperature Database 2017:

2k Network Global Temperature Database 2013:

2k Network Northern Hemisphere Hydroclimate 2016:

Antarctica2k Antarctica temperature reconstructions 2017:

Arctic 2k Temperature database (2013) update 2014:

Australasia2k Low-resolution Australasian palaeoclimate records of the last 2000 years 2017:

Australasia2k Instrumental and reconstructed rainfall data for Australia 2017:

Australasia2k Australasia Temperature reconstructions 2016:

NorthAmerica2k hydroclimate of North America over the past 2000 years database 2017: TBD

NorthAmerica2k North American borehole temperature profiles suitable for climate studies 2016:

Ocean2k Low-resolution marine reconstructions 2015:

Ocean2k 400 Year Coral Data and Tropical SST Reconstructions 2015:

Arctic Holocene Transitions Arctic Holocene proxy climate database 2014 (endorsed group):

C-PEAT (Peat carbon) Holocene Perspective on Peatland Biogeochemistry 2013:

Global Paleofire Working Group 2 (GPWG2) Global Charcoal Database ongoing:

Multiproxy Approach for the Reconstruction of the Glacial Ocean surface (MARGO) Global and regional SST database 2009:

Nitrogen Cycle in the Ocean, Past and Present (NICOPP) Database 2013:

Pliocene climate variability over glacial-interglacial timescales (PlioVAR) (in creation):

Sea Ice Proxies Arctic sea ice biomarker proxy IP25 database 2014:

SynTraCe-21 Earth's climate evolution during the last 21,000 years 2013:

Varves Image Portal and Varves database (endorsed group)

The metadatabases provide meta-information collected by PAGES Working Groups of proxy sites of different natural and human archives that might be suitable for climate and environmental reconstructions. The PAGES metadatabases are intended as tools for working group activities, rather than final archives or end-user resources.

2k Network Phase 2 data:

Floods Working Group existing (published) flood records based on historical or natural archives:

Past Interglacials (PIGS) (records covering Past Interglacials):


External databases

PAGES has compiled a list of national and international databases, which should serve as a useful starting point for on online data search.


ICSU World Data Center System


Global Change Master Directory, NASA

KNMI Climate Explorer

NOAA Paleoclimatology



Thematic databases